Pesticides – Suggested reading

Good Food Makes Everything Better: Pesticides drew on the following sources:

Aktar WM et al, Impact of pesticides use in agriculture: their benefits and hazards, Interdisciplinary Toxicology. 2009 Mar; 2(1): 112.

Alavanja MCR et al, Health Effects of Chronic Pesticide Exposure: Cancer and Neurotoxicity, Annual Review of Public Health, 2004; 25: 155-197.

Benbrook C, Impacts of genetically engineered crops on pesticide use in the US – the first sixteen years, Environmental Sciences Europe, 2012; 24:24.

Benbrook C et al, New evidence confirms the nutritional superiority of plant-based organic foods, An Organic Center State of Science Review, 2008. Online:

Elver H and Tuncack B, Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to food, Presented ot the 34th session of the Un Human Rights Council, 8 March 2017.

Gassmann AJ et al, Field-Evolved Resistance to Bt Maize by Western Corn Rootworm, PLOS One 6(7): e22629

Lamichhane JR et al, Toward a reduced reliance on conventional pesticides in European Agriculture, Plant Diseases, 2016; 100(1): 10-24.

Lairon D, Nutritional quality and safety of organic food: a review, Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 2010; 30(1): 33-41. Online:

Lechenet M et al, Reducing pesticide use while preserving crop productivity and profitability on arable farms, Nature Plants, 2017; 3: 17008.Online:

Lu C et al,Organic diets significantly lower children’s dietary exposure to organophosphorus pesticides, Environ Health Perspectives, 2006; 114(2): 260-3. Online:

Lu C et al, Dietary intake and its contribution to longitudinal organophosphorus pesticide exposure in urban/suburban children, Environ Health Perspectives, 2008; 118(11): 1625-30.

Magnér J et al, Human exposure to pesticides from food, A pilot study For Coop Sverige AB, online at

Moschini G et al, Genetically engineered crops and pesticide use in U.S. maize and soybeans, Science Advances, 2016: 2(8): e1600850.

Mostafalou S and Abdollahi M, Pesticides and human chronic diseases: evidences, mechanisms, and perspectives. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol, 2013; 268(2): 157-77.

Owens K et al, Wide range of diseases linked to pesticides, Pesticides and You, 2010; 30(2): 13-12.;

PennState Extension, Potential Health Effects of Pesticides, information leaflet.

Pesticide Action Network of North America, Pesticides in our Bodies.

Pesticide Action Network UK, London 2013 Pesticides on a plate- a consumer guide to issues in the food chain 2013, PAN UK, 2013.

Pesticide Residues in Food (PRiF), The expert committee on Pesticide Residues in Food, Annual Report 2015, PRiF 2015

Ponisio LC et al, Diversification practices reduce organic to conventional yield gap, Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 2014 282(1799): 20141396. Online:

Reganold JP and Wachter JM, Organic agriculture in the twenty-first century, Nature Plants 2, Article number: 15221 (2016) ;

Rushton L and Mann V, Pesticide-related illness reported and diagnosed in Primary Care: Implications for surveillance of environmental causes of ill-health, BMC Public Health 2009; 9: 219. Online: .

Sanborn M et al, Non-cancer health effects of pesticides: systematic review and implications for family doctors, Canadian Family Physician, 2007; 53(10): 1712-20.

Stauffer C, UPDATE 1-Brazil farmers say GMO corn no longer resistant to pests, Reuters news release.

USDA, Adoption of Genetically Engineered Crops in the US 1996-2014 – Recent Trends in GE Adoption, United States Department of Agriculture, July 2014.

Union of Concerned Scientists, The Rise of Superweeds – and What to Do About It, Union of Concerned Scientists, Policy Brief, December 2013.

Whyatt RM, et al, Prenatal insecticide exposure and birth weight and length among an urban minority cohort; Environmental Health Perspectives, 2004; 112: 1125-32.